Addiction: A Reference Encyclopedia by Howard Padwa

Addiction: A Reference Encyclopedia by Howard Padwa

By Howard Padwa

Dependancy: A Reference Encyclopedia deals directly speak and transparent solutions on an issue frequently sensationalized within the media and politicized in the course of campaigns. Drawing from a large choice of assets, it offers readers with a concise but thorough evaluation of what we all know approximately every kind of addictive behavior.Addiction surveys either the technological know-how of dependancy and its heritage within the usa with major sections: a story of the heritage of dependancy as a systematic and public coverage factor within the usa through a sequence of alphabetically prepared entries concerned with firms, participants, and occasions that experience impacted our pondering dependancy. a lot of the paintings makes a speciality of substance abuse—alcohol, tobacco, opiates, cocaine—but the booklet additionally examines behaviors that experience only in the near past been well-known as very likely addictive, together with playing, sexual intercourse, web utilization, and extra.

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When these mushrooms are eaten, they initially cause nausea before having psychedelic effects that include changes in perception and an altered sense of consciousness. These effects peak about ninety minutes after the mushrooms are eaten, and wear off in about six hours. Though the psychedelic effects of these mushrooms have been known for centuries, it was not until 1956 that scientists discovered that psilocybin and psilocin were the active ingredients that gave them their psychoactive powers.

In particular, acetaldehyde is known by researchers to contribute to the addictiveness of tobacco. When the effects of the drug wear off, tobacco users become irritable, have trouble sleeping, have increased appetites, and experience headaches and fatigue. A fresh dose of tobacco relieves these symptoms, thus making the substance very habit forming, and regular tobacco users try to maintain a steady level of the drug in their bloodstream. Consequently, many people who try tobacco become regular users.

A lot of these chemicals are ones we would not normally ingest. To name a few, tobacco smoke contains cadmium (an ingredient found in oil paint), hydrogen cyanide (a key ingredient found in the poison used in gas chambers), vinyl chloride (an ingredient in garbage bags), benzene (a chemical used in rubber cement), and arsenic (an active ingredient in rat poison). These chemicals cause many side effects independent of the adverse effects of nicotine itself, giving smokers yellow teeth, breathing problems, headaches, nausea, and feelings of ‘‘pins and needles’’ in the hands and feet.

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