A to Z of Sts Scientists by Elizabeth H. Oakes

A to Z of Sts Scientists by Elizabeth H. Oakes

By Elizabeth H. Oakes

As the box of technology, know-how & Society (STS) is inter-disciplinary, this A-to-Z assortment offers scientists from backgrounds as various as early aviation expertise and glossy laptop technology. There are compelling biographies of biophysicists, chemists, physicians, electric engineers, psychologists, pathologists, mathematicians, and extra. the typical aspect shared by way of those famous participants is the best way their social environment formed and contributed to their medical paintings.

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With this discovery, Avery helped usher in the age of biogenetics, a branch of science that has wrought profound changes on society, from the use of DNA in courts as evidence to confirm the guilt or innocence of criminals to the cloning of sheep. A decade after Avery’s 1944 discovery of DNA as the substance of genetics, James Watson and FRANCIS CRICK established the structure of DNA, further confirming the genetic function of the substance. Oswald Theodore Avery was born on October 21, 1877, in Halifax, Nova Scotia, in Canada.

In 1928, the British Ministry of Health medical officer Frederick Griffith hypothesized that pneumococci might switch types upon losing their polysaccharides, based on his experimental injection of mice with live, capsule-deficient (hence harmless) pneumococci bacteria mixed with heat-killed virulent pneumococci of a different immunological type, which resulted in the death of the mice. At first, Avery was dubious of Avery, Oswald Theodore 21 Griffith’s “transformation,” but subsequent duplication of his results inspired Avery to pursue the identity of the transforming substance.

S. branch of Oxford University Press. While in London on business, his father picked up a copy of the Boy’s Book of Inventions, and the entry on GUGLIELMO MARCONI inspired the 14-year-old to research the science of wireless communication and become an inventor. Two years earlier, the family had moved to Yonkers, where Armstrong attended Public School Six until 1905, when he entered Yonkers High School. For his 1910 graduation, his father gave him a red motorcycle, on which he commuted to Columbia University to study electrical engineering.

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